UNIVERSITY OF SÃO PAULO – SÃO CARLOS SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING, BRAZIL
Research focus: hydrological monitoring and modelling
Due to the increased availability of energy in tropical regions, hydrological and soil erosion processes behave differently to ecosystems elsewhere in the world. The region of the Brazilian Cerrado performs important hydrological functions that serve the rest of the ecosystem. This demands observation and better understanding as well as research into soil vulnerability and water erosion. Natural ecosystems are being transformed and modified as a result of pastureland and agriculture expansion. Variables related to the water cycle and soil erosion, which affect the processes in the Critical Zone of the savannas need to be monitored. This research is essential for water resource management and sustainability.
Jamil Alexandre aims to establish hydrological reference values in the Brazilian Cerrado. In addition to this, he is working on identifying the hydrological ecosystems services of the wooded Cerrado. This will involve estimating the variability of water balance components. Using computational modelling, he is aiming to assess the variability of the water balance components for these areas. His goal is to create an understanding of water partitioning in different land uses and soil erosion processes in connection with land use changes and climate variability. Soil conservation is a strategic topic in Brazil, which needs to be established to maintain natural resources as well as food and water production. Water availability and soil sustainability need to be assured. Jamil Alexandre’s intention is to become a researcher with a focus on the sustainability of water resources and soil conservation and to develop concepts and information for further use. Moreover, this research and technology need to be made available to the general population.
The jury was impressed by the ambition and far reach of his research in the field of water partitioning for the Cerrado Biome area in Brazil. They believe that through Green Talents, Jamil Alexandre will have the opportunity to extend his scientific skills and will be well placed to promote future collaborations between Brazil and Germany.